Hortus Europae Project
Since the summer of 2006 BaldoNatura, a temporary Association of Bodies, entrusts the WBA to attend the scientific direction of the Botanical Garden of the Monte Baldo, in Novezzina (Ferrara di Monte Baldo). The Monte Baldo, situated to the southern margin of the Alps, can be considered among the sites with the highest biodiversity not only in Italy, but in all Europe. The area has with a wide selection of very different environments, from sub-Mediterranean ones on the shores of Lake Garda to alpine ones, over 2200 metres above sea level.
In this area about 300 sq km, one thousand times smaller than the whole of Italy, live half of all the species of Italian orchids and 2085 different species of butterflies, corresponding to 40% of all those registered in Italy. An exceptional biological variety that indeed allows this area to be counted among one of the sites with the highest biodiversity not only in Italy, but in all Europe. There are dozens of endemic species in this area, both animals (invertebrates) and plants.
Main goal of the Project is to conduct activities directed to the conservation and reproduction of rare, endemic or threatened plant species of the Monte Baldo.
In the course of 2009, 2010, 2012 and 2013 have been organized campaigns of investigation named “Week of Biodiversity” during which WBA naturalists made faunistic and botanical samplings in different environments of the Monte Baldo. The researches permette the discovering of two species of Coleoptera new to science: Meira mariaesilvanae and Baldorhynchus ruzzieri. Other interesting biological material is going to be studied.